Commemorating the 200th anniversary of Franklinʼs historic overland journey to the shores of the polar sea
In many respects, the overall experience of the first overland expedition could be characterized as a tale of suffering and horror, where those who survived escaped death by the slimmest of margins. The following timeline enumerates the fortunate members who turned back and those that perished in the desperate flight to Fort Enterprise. It draws heavily on Houston’s To the Arctic by Canoe 1819-1821, where very helpful appendices about the men of the expedition have been compiled.
Willard Wentzel and four voyageurs — Joseph Gagné, Pierre Dumas, Joseph Forcier, and Jean Baptiste Parent — turn back at the mouth of the Coppermine. Along with Yellowknives hunters, the return party endures 11 days without food.
Sole survivor of the four voyageurs who turned back to Hood’s camp. After Hood’s death, Richardson and Hepburn grow fearful that Terohaute would kill them next. After he leaves the camp for a short period, Richardson loads his pistol and shoots him in the head.